## What is a 'Real' space?

14th July 2015 What is a 'Real' space?

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

What is a 'Real' space?

At first this sounds a bit paradoxical because a space can be considered nothingness where nothing exists there, so if there is space where there is absolutely nothing there, then how can it be something 'Real'?

First let me explain what an abstract space is.

An abstract space is the space that mathematicians (and physicists) use, normally length breath and height (x,y,z axis on a graph). Normally considered 3D that goes to + infinity and - infinity in these 3 dimensions, where they try and place 'Real' life events to represent some form of reality and create formulae and laws that can predict or explain this reality.

[Unfortunately sometimes when reality does not quite fit into this type of space, instead of changing the space they try and change reality to justify this space].

Now this abstract space does not actually exist as a 'Reality', except as a concept in our minds.

Now imagine we conceptualise a cube in this space, we can imagine any size we like, however big or infinitesimally small, but for our example let us imagine it is 1 meter square, we do this by imagining that there are sides that limit this cube, but there are no 'Real' sides, there is no substance to the sides, the sides don't actually exist. If nothing actually exists (no sides) then it is not 'Real'.

A 'Real' space is a space that can be defined by something 'Real' that actually exists, I.e. It is defined by a 'Real' boundary, like a cardboard box, a metal tin or even a cup. The space exists in 'Reality', the box walls are also a 'Real' space. Now we can also conceptualise and represent this 'Real' space inside this abstract space, but unless this defined imagined space really represents the 'Real' characteristics of the 'Real' space that exists then it is not a good representation of 'Reality'.

These 'Real' spaces are all different, the walls 'space' maybe made of wood, iron or gold and the empty 'space' inside maybe full of air or.... (Even what we consider a vacuum is not totally empty) but if it were completely empty it could still be defined because of the reference to the 'Real' boundary, and so this empty space is also a 'Real' space.

The purpose of the above is to show you later that 'Real' space is quantised whereas the abstract space is not.

[I explain the mechanism of gravity using quantised 'Real' space. These quantised bits of space I call 'APE's, but this is explained in another of my Tea Break Books].

All 'Real' spaces can be quantised, by this I mean the total volume (if it is big enough), can be broken down into smaller pieces such that the total volume is the sum of its quantum spaces.

All this depends on the scale and what space we are trying to analyse. Let us take a volume of water as our initial example. At a large scale it could be a lake, pond or even a jar of water. We can subdivide this water into what we might consider any amount we want, by pouring any amount into another measuring jug. At this scale it seems analogue in nature, but eventually when we go down to molecular levels we will find the quantum of space that a single molecule of water occupies (this now becomes digital in nature). We can't go below this scale or smaller than the quantum of water. You either count water molecules whole or none at all. In abstract terms you can have half a molecule of water, but in 'Real' terms there is no such 'Reality'. If you try and split water it will split into oxygen and hydrogen, neither of which has the characteristics of water, you will no longer be measuring water, you will be measuring something else.

As another example let us imagine we have a huge herd of cattle (maybe thousands). We can imagine that the total herd is like a large analogue volume of cows, we can split the herd into any size of smaller herds (because there are so many we don't have to even count the cows). But if we reduce the numbers to a few cows we end up finding the quantum space of a herd of cattle I.e. the individual cow is the quantum space of the herd. You either have a cow in your herd or you don't, you can't have half a cow in 'Reality'. If you cut a real cow in half it ceases to be a cow you can count in the herd. Suppose that like the water molecule that creates two different things, the splitting of a cow created a goat and a sheep, in this way when counting cows you do not count sheep or goats.

There are lots of different spaces in 'Reality' each consisting of different things, some are more complex than others e.g. A cow is a complex space, it has many components, water is less complex but still has multiple components therefore the quantum spaces for these are also complex. Now let us look at something slightly simpler let us say our space is a cube (block) of a perfect metal, either iron or gold (if you are into metallurgy then you will call it an ingot).

To simplify the concept - Each of these will have a regular metallic crystal lattice where all the atoms are equally spaced like mini cubes of the large cube of metal. In these examples the quantum of space will be the smallest cube that will contain just one atom of the metal. Each quantum of space will be of a different size for each of the metals (an atom of iron has a different size to an atom of gold). Again you could not split these quanta of space, as splitting an atom of iron or an atom of gold will create different atoms with different characteristics yet again.

An atom consists of protons, neutrons and electrons, therefore at the atomic scale these are also complex spaces, there is no quantum of space for an atom [ultimately there is, but that comes later].

An electron would be the quantum of space for a field of electrons, the proton would be the quantum of space for a pool of protons and the same for the neutron. None of these are the quantum of an atom.

We need to go down the scales even further to find the quantum of space for an electron, a proton and a neutron.

Now the electron and the proton have a charge and are also complex spaces so let us look at a neutron.

Before we go there, at this level or scale we are getting to the level where we have to consider energy and matter. Both of these are 'Real' and have quantum spaces.

The neutron is more matter like, the electron is more energy like.

What is the quantum space composed of neutrons? I.e. the space occupied by one neutron?

A neutron occupies a very small space inside the nucleus of the atom and has a large mass (a measure of matter). Therefore it has a large density.

What is the size of a quantum space composed of electrons? I.e. the space occupied by one electron?

This is a little bit more difficult to calculate, because the current belief is that an electron is a point charge with very little mass, but at the same time it is considered a wave function around the atom!

Which is it?

[It is actually something different to both, but that is another of my Tea Break Books].

We know the size of an atom, which is composed of a nucleus and electrons.

The simplest atom is the hydrogen, one electron and one proton as its nucleus.

We know approximately the size of the proton, and we know the size of the atom, so if we simplify the situation and say the volume that the electron occupies is equal to the size of the atom minus the size of the proton (1 electron + 1 proton = 1 atom hydrogen).

The quantum of one electron is approximately the size of the hydrogen atom, as the size of the proton is extremely tiny compared to the size of the atom.

Now the electron is approximately 1/237th the mass of the proton, therefore the density of the quantum space of one electron is extremely low as well as the space being extremely large.

Now let us imagine we could squeeze this space of the electron into a smaller volume the exact same size as the volume of the proton. The volumes are now exactly the same but the densities are different.

The electron mass is 1/237th the mass of the proton.

Now let us imagine we could further compress the volume of the electron to 1/237th the size of the proton space. We now have two volumes with exactly the same density, but one is 1/237th the size of the other.

Now let us imagine we have 237 little volumes and we put them together to make one big volume equal to the size of the proton volume. We now have two volumes the exact same size, the exact same mass, and the exact same density.

What is the difference between these volumes?

Well there is a different because of the charges of these volumes.

[Charge is explained in another of my Tea Break Books].

But what if we took two neutral entities that just had mass like the neutrino (tiny mass, to substitute for the electron) and a neutron (large mass, to substitute for the proton).

If we did the same type of process with these, we would end up with similar volumes, masses and densities.

Could we not conclude that the quantum of space of a neutron was a neutrino?

This is like the neutron being the overall large volume (the herd), and the neutrino the individual quantum space (the cow).

If we pursue this process to lower and lower scales for quarks (components of protons and neutrons) we may find the smallest quantum of 'Real' space that can construct all energy and all matter.

This I have done in my mind and have come up with 'APE's (Andrew Pépés Entities), that are quantised bits of 'Real' space that can create all of the Universe, past, present and future.

The details of these 'APE's I describe in another Tea Break Book, but they are multidimensional dynamic entities (I describe the dimensions of time and how they relate to this space).

19th July 2015

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

A 'Real' space can only be defined by reference to its real boundary, envelope or sides.

1st August 2015

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

Another simplistic way to look at it, is to say that a 'Real' space is a space (that can be defined) that has something in it. E.g. The 'Real' space of a cup, the 'Real' space of the Tea in the cup, the 'Real' space that the electron occupies.

Why am I defining another meaning for space, and not just saying it is a space with matter in it, or energy in the space?

I do this to explain the missing fifth dimension that everyone sees, experiences and misunderstands.

What is the missing 5th Dimension?

I explain it in another Tea Break Book, but essentially it means you can have multiple 5D spaces in the same normal 3D space we are accustomed to.

Morph your mind with Morphological at

apepes.com

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

What is a 'Real' space?

At first this sounds a bit paradoxical because a space can be considered nothingness where nothing exists there, so if there is space where there is absolutely nothing there, then how can it be something 'Real'?

First let me explain what an abstract space is.

An abstract space is the space that mathematicians (and physicists) use, normally length breath and height (x,y,z axis on a graph). Normally considered 3D that goes to + infinity and - infinity in these 3 dimensions, where they try and place 'Real' life events to represent some form of reality and create formulae and laws that can predict or explain this reality.

[Unfortunately sometimes when reality does not quite fit into this type of space, instead of changing the space they try and change reality to justify this space].

Now this abstract space does not actually exist as a 'Reality', except as a concept in our minds.

Now imagine we conceptualise a cube in this space, we can imagine any size we like, however big or infinitesimally small, but for our example let us imagine it is 1 meter square, we do this by imagining that there are sides that limit this cube, but there are no 'Real' sides, there is no substance to the sides, the sides don't actually exist. If nothing actually exists (no sides) then it is not 'Real'.

A 'Real' space is a space that can be defined by something 'Real' that actually exists, I.e. It is defined by a 'Real' boundary, like a cardboard box, a metal tin or even a cup. The space exists in 'Reality', the box walls are also a 'Real' space. Now we can also conceptualise and represent this 'Real' space inside this abstract space, but unless this defined imagined space really represents the 'Real' characteristics of the 'Real' space that exists then it is not a good representation of 'Reality'.

These 'Real' spaces are all different, the walls 'space' maybe made of wood, iron or gold and the empty 'space' inside maybe full of air or.... (Even what we consider a vacuum is not totally empty) but if it were completely empty it could still be defined because of the reference to the 'Real' boundary, and so this empty space is also a 'Real' space.

The purpose of the above is to show you later that 'Real' space is quantised whereas the abstract space is not.

[I explain the mechanism of gravity using quantised 'Real' space. These quantised bits of space I call 'APE's, but this is explained in another of my Tea Break Books].

All 'Real' spaces can be quantised, by this I mean the total volume (if it is big enough), can be broken down into smaller pieces such that the total volume is the sum of its quantum spaces.

All this depends on the scale and what space we are trying to analyse. Let us take a volume of water as our initial example. At a large scale it could be a lake, pond or even a jar of water. We can subdivide this water into what we might consider any amount we want, by pouring any amount into another measuring jug. At this scale it seems analogue in nature, but eventually when we go down to molecular levels we will find the quantum of space that a single molecule of water occupies (this now becomes digital in nature). We can't go below this scale or smaller than the quantum of water. You either count water molecules whole or none at all. In abstract terms you can have half a molecule of water, but in 'Real' terms there is no such 'Reality'. If you try and split water it will split into oxygen and hydrogen, neither of which has the characteristics of water, you will no longer be measuring water, you will be measuring something else.

As another example let us imagine we have a huge herd of cattle (maybe thousands). We can imagine that the total herd is like a large analogue volume of cows, we can split the herd into any size of smaller herds (because there are so many we don't have to even count the cows). But if we reduce the numbers to a few cows we end up finding the quantum space of a herd of cattle I.e. the individual cow is the quantum space of the herd. You either have a cow in your herd or you don't, you can't have half a cow in 'Reality'. If you cut a real cow in half it ceases to be a cow you can count in the herd. Suppose that like the water molecule that creates two different things, the splitting of a cow created a goat and a sheep, in this way when counting cows you do not count sheep or goats.

There are lots of different spaces in 'Reality' each consisting of different things, some are more complex than others e.g. A cow is a complex space, it has many components, water is less complex but still has multiple components therefore the quantum spaces for these are also complex. Now let us look at something slightly simpler let us say our space is a cube (block) of a perfect metal, either iron or gold (if you are into metallurgy then you will call it an ingot).

To simplify the concept - Each of these will have a regular metallic crystal lattice where all the atoms are equally spaced like mini cubes of the large cube of metal. In these examples the quantum of space will be the smallest cube that will contain just one atom of the metal. Each quantum of space will be of a different size for each of the metals (an atom of iron has a different size to an atom of gold). Again you could not split these quanta of space, as splitting an atom of iron or an atom of gold will create different atoms with different characteristics yet again.

An atom consists of protons, neutrons and electrons, therefore at the atomic scale these are also complex spaces, there is no quantum of space for an atom [ultimately there is, but that comes later].

An electron would be the quantum of space for a field of electrons, the proton would be the quantum of space for a pool of protons and the same for the neutron. None of these are the quantum of an atom.

We need to go down the scales even further to find the quantum of space for an electron, a proton and a neutron.

Now the electron and the proton have a charge and are also complex spaces so let us look at a neutron.

Before we go there, at this level or scale we are getting to the level where we have to consider energy and matter. Both of these are 'Real' and have quantum spaces.

The neutron is more matter like, the electron is more energy like.

What is the quantum space composed of neutrons? I.e. the space occupied by one neutron?

A neutron occupies a very small space inside the nucleus of the atom and has a large mass (a measure of matter). Therefore it has a large density.

What is the size of a quantum space composed of electrons? I.e. the space occupied by one electron?

This is a little bit more difficult to calculate, because the current belief is that an electron is a point charge with very little mass, but at the same time it is considered a wave function around the atom!

Which is it?

[It is actually something different to both, but that is another of my Tea Break Books].

We know the size of an atom, which is composed of a nucleus and electrons.

The simplest atom is the hydrogen, one electron and one proton as its nucleus.

We know approximately the size of the proton, and we know the size of the atom, so if we simplify the situation and say the volume that the electron occupies is equal to the size of the atom minus the size of the proton (1 electron + 1 proton = 1 atom hydrogen).

The quantum of one electron is approximately the size of the hydrogen atom, as the size of the proton is extremely tiny compared to the size of the atom.

Now the electron is approximately 1/237th the mass of the proton, therefore the density of the quantum space of one electron is extremely low as well as the space being extremely large.

Now let us imagine we could squeeze this space of the electron into a smaller volume the exact same size as the volume of the proton. The volumes are now exactly the same but the densities are different.

The electron mass is 1/237th the mass of the proton.

Now let us imagine we could further compress the volume of the electron to 1/237th the size of the proton space. We now have two volumes with exactly the same density, but one is 1/237th the size of the other.

Now let us imagine we have 237 little volumes and we put them together to make one big volume equal to the size of the proton volume. We now have two volumes the exact same size, the exact same mass, and the exact same density.

What is the difference between these volumes?

Well there is a different because of the charges of these volumes.

[Charge is explained in another of my Tea Break Books].

But what if we took two neutral entities that just had mass like the neutrino (tiny mass, to substitute for the electron) and a neutron (large mass, to substitute for the proton).

If we did the same type of process with these, we would end up with similar volumes, masses and densities.

Could we not conclude that the quantum of space of a neutron was a neutrino?

This is like the neutron being the overall large volume (the herd), and the neutrino the individual quantum space (the cow).

If we pursue this process to lower and lower scales for quarks (components of protons and neutrons) we may find the smallest quantum of 'Real' space that can construct all energy and all matter.

This I have done in my mind and have come up with 'APE's (Andrew Pépés Entities), that are quantised bits of 'Real' space that can create all of the Universe, past, present and future.

The details of these 'APE's I describe in another Tea Break Book, but they are multidimensional dynamic entities (I describe the dimensions of time and how they relate to this space).

19th July 2015

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

A 'Real' space can only be defined by reference to its real boundary, envelope or sides.

1st August 2015

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

Another simplistic way to look at it, is to say that a 'Real' space is a space (that can be defined) that has something in it. E.g. The 'Real' space of a cup, the 'Real' space of the Tea in the cup, the 'Real' space that the electron occupies.

Why am I defining another meaning for space, and not just saying it is a space with matter in it, or energy in the space?

I do this to explain the missing fifth dimension that everyone sees, experiences and misunderstands.

What is the missing 5th Dimension?

I explain it in another Tea Break Book, but essentially it means you can have multiple 5D spaces in the same normal 3D space we are accustomed to.

Morph your mind with Morphological at

apepes.com