## Real Space & Volumes

24th July 2014

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

Real Space & Volumes.

In the same way that 'Real' matter and 'Real' energy are quantised, 'Real' space is quantised.

They are all components and structures of the same thing in different quantities and circumstances.

Therefore any 'Real' volume of space is made up of little (quantised) bits of space (each with it's own little volume, I call it's Primary volume). [¹Volume].

The way that these little volumes react together to create the larger volume is complex, but is dependent on time and the density of the other little volumes around it.

These little volumes create volumes at our level (scale) by distributing their little volumes in time (time has many dimensions, explained in another Tea Break Book), in this way they create what I call Secondary volumes of space. [²Volumes].

(Quantised 'space and time' units, put together they create the larger scale 'SpaceTime').

When two or more little independent Primary volumes occupy the same Secondary volume of space the density of that space increases, this I call energy density.

When two or more Primary volumes interact to create a complex non-independent structure, this also increases the density of space in a different manner, this I call matter density.

You can have both energy density and matter density in the same Secondary volume.

These little quantised bits of space I call 'APE's.

There is a fixed number of these 'APE's, past present and future, and the way they interact they can expand or contract the space at our level, such that no new 'APE's are ever created nor destroyed.

Everything in the Universe is just a redistribution and composition of the energy/matter densities of space itself.

All forces are just a consequence of the structures that are created by these densities.

All fields are just a measure of the flow of these 'APE's through these densities.

All dimensions at our level (scale) are just the net aggregate sum of all the dimensions of the little units of space that compose them (I.e. There are no independent dimensions).

Because these little Volumes have all the dimensions within them, no dimensions are ever hidden (therefore you can see and measure the missing 5th dimension at our scale, explained in another Tea Break Book).

You have to distinguish between points that are 'Real' from points that are abstract. (Explained in an other Tea Break Book).

Things have to be as complex as required, but no more so.

2nd August 2014

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

These quantised bits of space create what I call transient spheres (or volumes). Imagine you flick a coin on a table (it is basically a disc that spins or rotates) it creates a transient volume and looks like a sphere. If it spins faster than 25 times a second you do not see the disc, but you just see a fuzzy sphere that looks like a solid sphere. Any attempt to touch the sphere with your finger and the sphere will react. This is because you are too slow in comparison to the rate of spin. Theoretically if you go fast enough you can put your finger in and out of the sphere with no reaction!

Quantum space is similar to this except it is not a disc that is spinning but a ring (I.e. It has a hole in the middle). Theoretically if you moved fast enough you could put your finger (go) to the centre of the sphere and back out again with no reaction!

You should also be able to visualise that theoretically something could be suspended in the middle of the sphere without touching it! If you could imagine that the thing suspended in the middle also had a hole in the middle (I.e. The same transient sphere structure, or a single structure that can increase or decrease the size of the transient sphere and a mechanism that could do this (and I can)), then you can explain atoms with these structures and everything else, as everything can be made from one entity, that can create all other things.

13th August 2014

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

What creates these transient spheres I call ''APE's ('Andrew Pépés Entities', originally I called 'Alternating Particular Energy' when I described a Mechanism for wave-particle duality (back in 1998), now I call 'All Purpose Entity'). These are 'Quantised bits of Space' or 'Universal Space Units', they are multidimensional and dynamic (Universal Dynamic Quantised Space Units),(Quantised Universal All Dynamic Space Entities,'QUADSE'. They create dynamic transient volumes in Euclidean space at our scale, in which they expand and contract this Euclidean space in their cyclic nature and act like tiny vacuum pumps increasing and decreasing their forces inversely proportional to their cross sectional area, and increasing and decreasing their Density of this Euclidean space inversely proportional to their Euclidean volume.

Note: - for clarity what I call 'Secondary Volumes of Space' are these transient quantised bits of Euclidean spaces (all their dimensions have wave characteristics, what I call 'Primary Volumes of Space' are their actual dimensions and all these dimensions are fixed constant (both explained in another Tea Break Book).

In the first half of their cycle they pump from one side to the other, and in the second half they pump in the opposite way, so two revolutions creates one cycle, both with opposite properties, so they are in fact their own opposites half of the time. (They also twist space as it passes through them). I call these cycles 'Qkwist's and are the basis of Time (multidimensional Time, one for each space dimension (explained in another Tea Break Book).

I also use these 'APE's to describe a Mechanism for Gravity, unite all the forces to one force, create chirality, explain the expansion and contraction of the universe without adding or subtracting any units of space ('APE's) and more (all explained in other Tea Break Books).

10th October 2014

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

Another way to think of these different volumes of space is to imagine you have a soapy solution and you make a foam of bubbles. If you place this foam in a glass, mug or container you could measure the volume of the foam (let us say it is 100 cm³).

Is this volume of foam 'Real'?

At our level or scale we say it is 'real' because we see 100 cm³ of foam.

This is the Euclidean volume we all associate with, so we think it is a 'real' volume, and it is at our scale.

Now imagine that the foam structure was stable and you could remove all the air from inside the foam without the foam collapsing, (I.e. There are void (null) spaces in the structure of the foam).

Now if I were to ask is this volume 'real'?

Then the answer should be the same as before, we still see 100 cm³ of foam.

When we talk about Euclidean volumes (at our scales) we always consider them 'real'.

Now what is the volume of the foam excluding the void spaces? (I.e. The volume of the soapy solution if it collapsed without the bubbles, which would have been the volume of the soapy solution before we formed the foam).

It is obviously a fraction of the volume of the foam.

Now it does not matter what this fraction is exactly at this stage, as I want you to think of the concept first.

Let us say it is 100th the volume of the foam, so it is 1 cm³.

Now if I were to ask is this volume 'real'?

The answer will be similar to the previous, and it is still a 'real' Euclidean volume at our level.

11th October 2014

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

What is the difference between these two volumes?

They are both Euclidean, but they are different, one is 100 cm³ and the other 1 cm³.

They are both constructed from the same solution.

The difference is only due to their construction.

If the foam was coloured and rigid, it would look like a solid object, you would not see the spaces inside it, you would only know that the spaces were there if you cut it open.

Conceptually both these volume are what I call Abstract volumes first (remember concepts always come first, as explained in another Tea Break Book), and something exists in these Abstract Euclidean volumes, solid (solid foam), liquid (soapy solution), liquid foam (liquid and gas) or anything (and everything) else 'real' at our level or scale.

If there was nothing in these volumes then they would be totally (void) Abstract volumes and not 'Real'.

I say all 'real' volumes are constructed from 'Real' space units.

I say that 'Real' space constructs this Euclidean 'real' space.

So what is the difference between 'Real' and 'real' space?

The difference is conceptually the same as the difference in the volumes of the soapy solution and the foam volume with void (null) spaces in it.

'Real' space exists all the time and is eternal (not Time dependent, further explanation in another Tea Break Book), what we experience is 'real' space and this is Time dependent (the Time we experience, this I call Tertiary Time (³T) or Global Time, (again explained further in another Tea Break Book).

These 'Real' spaces can be considered quantum spaces, but they have a structure in themselves and they are dynamic, these I call 'APE's.

Each 'APE' is one quantum of space, that has a 'Real' volume and structure, this I call a 'Primary' ¹volume and it has 'Primary' dimensions, that are all fixed, (explained further in another Tea Break Book).

This 'Primary' volume creates a new dynamic 'Secondary' volume of space in 'Secondary' (²T) Time (this would be similar to the concept I explained earlier with the solution creating the ('Secondary') foam).

This 'Secondary' ²volume has 'Secondary' dimensions similar to the 'Primary' dimensions, but this time they all have wave functions, (I.e. They are not static but they are varying in ²Time).

It may appear there is more than one dimension of Time, and there is (again explained further in another Tea Break Book).

In effect each layer of Time and space constructs a new ³Tertiary volume of space that we know as Euclidean. (This is how the Universe can expand or contract without creating nor destroying any 'Real' spaces ('APE's), explained further in another Tea Break Book).

Each Euclidean space can contain various structures and combinations of structures within it.

So the basic structure of Dark Energy is different to Light Energy and they are both different to the structure of matter. (Dark, anti-matter or other forms of ordinary matter are all constructs of the one basic fundamental basic unit, that I call 'Entity' (that is not a particle nor a wave nor a wavicle, explained in another Tea Break Book).

They can all coexist in the same Euclidean space.

The only difference between the structure of energy and matter is that energy can travel through energy and matter, but matter can only travel through energy but cannot travel through matter.

[At the subatomic level].

These 'APE's can mimic all Energy and Matter, fields and forces.

Because of it's dynamic structure it can create all opposites, therefore there is no question of balancing opposites at the beginning of any cycle of any Universe, because it is it's own opposite in ²T (you guessed it, explained in another Tea Break Book).

All you need to know now, is to find out what the structure of this basic fundamental dynamic 'Entity', 'APE' is, and how it interacts with itself to create the different forms of Energy and the different forms of Matter and how it creates fields and forces.

11th November 2014

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

To summarise there are three types of volumes.

The volumes of 'Real' space. [¹Volume].

This is what I call 'Primary' space.

The volumes of Null space. [⁰Volume].

This is totally Abstract and cannot be measured (except in Abstraction) unless there is 'Real' space around it to define and measure it.

Mathematically this is true Euclidean space (totally Abstract).

The volumes of 'Real' space with Null space.

This is what I call 'Secondary' [²Volume] and 'Tertiary' (Global) space. [³Volume].

Global or 'Tertiary' space (the space we perceive) is what we normally consider Euclidean space at our scale.

(It is not true Euclidean in the mathematical sense).

5th June 2020

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

A quick note. When you add the missing 5th Dimension of density to 'Real' space, you can get all the varying densities of all the 'real' spaces in our Universe. [Another Tea Break Book].

Morph your mind with Morphological at

apepes.com

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

Real Space & Volumes.

In the same way that 'Real' matter and 'Real' energy are quantised, 'Real' space is quantised.

They are all components and structures of the same thing in different quantities and circumstances.

Therefore any 'Real' volume of space is made up of little (quantised) bits of space (each with it's own little volume, I call it's Primary volume). [¹Volume].

The way that these little volumes react together to create the larger volume is complex, but is dependent on time and the density of the other little volumes around it.

These little volumes create volumes at our level (scale) by distributing their little volumes in time (time has many dimensions, explained in another Tea Break Book), in this way they create what I call Secondary volumes of space. [²Volumes].

(Quantised 'space and time' units, put together they create the larger scale 'SpaceTime').

When two or more little independent Primary volumes occupy the same Secondary volume of space the density of that space increases, this I call energy density.

When two or more Primary volumes interact to create a complex non-independent structure, this also increases the density of space in a different manner, this I call matter density.

You can have both energy density and matter density in the same Secondary volume.

These little quantised bits of space I call 'APE's.

There is a fixed number of these 'APE's, past present and future, and the way they interact they can expand or contract the space at our level, such that no new 'APE's are ever created nor destroyed.

Everything in the Universe is just a redistribution and composition of the energy/matter densities of space itself.

All forces are just a consequence of the structures that are created by these densities.

All fields are just a measure of the flow of these 'APE's through these densities.

All dimensions at our level (scale) are just the net aggregate sum of all the dimensions of the little units of space that compose them (I.e. There are no independent dimensions).

Because these little Volumes have all the dimensions within them, no dimensions are ever hidden (therefore you can see and measure the missing 5th dimension at our scale, explained in another Tea Break Book).

You have to distinguish between points that are 'Real' from points that are abstract. (Explained in an other Tea Break Book).

Things have to be as complex as required, but no more so.

2nd August 2014

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

These quantised bits of space create what I call transient spheres (or volumes). Imagine you flick a coin on a table (it is basically a disc that spins or rotates) it creates a transient volume and looks like a sphere. If it spins faster than 25 times a second you do not see the disc, but you just see a fuzzy sphere that looks like a solid sphere. Any attempt to touch the sphere with your finger and the sphere will react. This is because you are too slow in comparison to the rate of spin. Theoretically if you go fast enough you can put your finger in and out of the sphere with no reaction!

Quantum space is similar to this except it is not a disc that is spinning but a ring (I.e. It has a hole in the middle). Theoretically if you moved fast enough you could put your finger (go) to the centre of the sphere and back out again with no reaction!

You should also be able to visualise that theoretically something could be suspended in the middle of the sphere without touching it! If you could imagine that the thing suspended in the middle also had a hole in the middle (I.e. The same transient sphere structure, or a single structure that can increase or decrease the size of the transient sphere and a mechanism that could do this (and I can)), then you can explain atoms with these structures and everything else, as everything can be made from one entity, that can create all other things.

13th August 2014

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

What creates these transient spheres I call ''APE's ('Andrew Pépés Entities', originally I called 'Alternating Particular Energy' when I described a Mechanism for wave-particle duality (back in 1998), now I call 'All Purpose Entity'). These are 'Quantised bits of Space' or 'Universal Space Units', they are multidimensional and dynamic (Universal Dynamic Quantised Space Units),(Quantised Universal All Dynamic Space Entities,'QUADSE'. They create dynamic transient volumes in Euclidean space at our scale, in which they expand and contract this Euclidean space in their cyclic nature and act like tiny vacuum pumps increasing and decreasing their forces inversely proportional to their cross sectional area, and increasing and decreasing their Density of this Euclidean space inversely proportional to their Euclidean volume.

Note: - for clarity what I call 'Secondary Volumes of Space' are these transient quantised bits of Euclidean spaces (all their dimensions have wave characteristics, what I call 'Primary Volumes of Space' are their actual dimensions and all these dimensions are fixed constant (both explained in another Tea Break Book).

In the first half of their cycle they pump from one side to the other, and in the second half they pump in the opposite way, so two revolutions creates one cycle, both with opposite properties, so they are in fact their own opposites half of the time. (They also twist space as it passes through them). I call these cycles 'Qkwist's and are the basis of Time (multidimensional Time, one for each space dimension (explained in another Tea Break Book).

I also use these 'APE's to describe a Mechanism for Gravity, unite all the forces to one force, create chirality, explain the expansion and contraction of the universe without adding or subtracting any units of space ('APE's) and more (all explained in other Tea Break Books).

10th October 2014

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

Another way to think of these different volumes of space is to imagine you have a soapy solution and you make a foam of bubbles. If you place this foam in a glass, mug or container you could measure the volume of the foam (let us say it is 100 cm³).

Is this volume of foam 'Real'?

At our level or scale we say it is 'real' because we see 100 cm³ of foam.

This is the Euclidean volume we all associate with, so we think it is a 'real' volume, and it is at our scale.

Now imagine that the foam structure was stable and you could remove all the air from inside the foam without the foam collapsing, (I.e. There are void (null) spaces in the structure of the foam).

Now if I were to ask is this volume 'real'?

Then the answer should be the same as before, we still see 100 cm³ of foam.

When we talk about Euclidean volumes (at our scales) we always consider them 'real'.

Now what is the volume of the foam excluding the void spaces? (I.e. The volume of the soapy solution if it collapsed without the bubbles, which would have been the volume of the soapy solution before we formed the foam).

It is obviously a fraction of the volume of the foam.

Now it does not matter what this fraction is exactly at this stage, as I want you to think of the concept first.

Let us say it is 100th the volume of the foam, so it is 1 cm³.

Now if I were to ask is this volume 'real'?

The answer will be similar to the previous, and it is still a 'real' Euclidean volume at our level.

11th October 2014

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

What is the difference between these two volumes?

They are both Euclidean, but they are different, one is 100 cm³ and the other 1 cm³.

They are both constructed from the same solution.

The difference is only due to their construction.

If the foam was coloured and rigid, it would look like a solid object, you would not see the spaces inside it, you would only know that the spaces were there if you cut it open.

Conceptually both these volume are what I call Abstract volumes first (remember concepts always come first, as explained in another Tea Break Book), and something exists in these Abstract Euclidean volumes, solid (solid foam), liquid (soapy solution), liquid foam (liquid and gas) or anything (and everything) else 'real' at our level or scale.

If there was nothing in these volumes then they would be totally (void) Abstract volumes and not 'Real'.

I say all 'real' volumes are constructed from 'Real' space units.

I say that 'Real' space constructs this Euclidean 'real' space.

So what is the difference between 'Real' and 'real' space?

The difference is conceptually the same as the difference in the volumes of the soapy solution and the foam volume with void (null) spaces in it.

'Real' space exists all the time and is eternal (not Time dependent, further explanation in another Tea Break Book), what we experience is 'real' space and this is Time dependent (the Time we experience, this I call Tertiary Time (³T) or Global Time, (again explained further in another Tea Break Book).

These 'Real' spaces can be considered quantum spaces, but they have a structure in themselves and they are dynamic, these I call 'APE's.

Each 'APE' is one quantum of space, that has a 'Real' volume and structure, this I call a 'Primary' ¹volume and it has 'Primary' dimensions, that are all fixed, (explained further in another Tea Break Book).

This 'Primary' volume creates a new dynamic 'Secondary' volume of space in 'Secondary' (²T) Time (this would be similar to the concept I explained earlier with the solution creating the ('Secondary') foam).

This 'Secondary' ²volume has 'Secondary' dimensions similar to the 'Primary' dimensions, but this time they all have wave functions, (I.e. They are not static but they are varying in ²Time).

It may appear there is more than one dimension of Time, and there is (again explained further in another Tea Break Book).

In effect each layer of Time and space constructs a new ³Tertiary volume of space that we know as Euclidean. (This is how the Universe can expand or contract without creating nor destroying any 'Real' spaces ('APE's), explained further in another Tea Break Book).

Each Euclidean space can contain various structures and combinations of structures within it.

So the basic structure of Dark Energy is different to Light Energy and they are both different to the structure of matter. (Dark, anti-matter or other forms of ordinary matter are all constructs of the one basic fundamental basic unit, that I call 'Entity' (that is not a particle nor a wave nor a wavicle, explained in another Tea Break Book).

They can all coexist in the same Euclidean space.

The only difference between the structure of energy and matter is that energy can travel through energy and matter, but matter can only travel through energy but cannot travel through matter.

[At the subatomic level].

These 'APE's can mimic all Energy and Matter, fields and forces.

Because of it's dynamic structure it can create all opposites, therefore there is no question of balancing opposites at the beginning of any cycle of any Universe, because it is it's own opposite in ²T (you guessed it, explained in another Tea Break Book).

All you need to know now, is to find out what the structure of this basic fundamental dynamic 'Entity', 'APE' is, and how it interacts with itself to create the different forms of Energy and the different forms of Matter and how it creates fields and forces.

11th November 2014

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

To summarise there are three types of volumes.

The volumes of 'Real' space. [¹Volume].

This is what I call 'Primary' space.

The volumes of Null space. [⁰Volume].

This is totally Abstract and cannot be measured (except in Abstraction) unless there is 'Real' space around it to define and measure it.

Mathematically this is true Euclidean space (totally Abstract).

The volumes of 'Real' space with Null space.

This is what I call 'Secondary' [²Volume] and 'Tertiary' (Global) space. [³Volume].

Global or 'Tertiary' space (the space we perceive) is what we normally consider Euclidean space at our scale.

(It is not true Euclidean in the mathematical sense).

5th June 2020

Private & Confidential Copyright © Mr A Pépés

A quick note. When you add the missing 5th Dimension of density to 'Real' space, you can get all the varying densities of all the 'real' spaces in our Universe. [Another Tea Break Book].

Morph your mind with Morphological at

apepes.com